- Positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
- Parkinson’s disease.
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity.
- Inflammatory bowel disease.
- Huntington’s disease.
- Crohn’s disease.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Intractable seizures.
- Sickle cell anemia.
- Severe chronic or intractable pain of neuropathic origin or severe chronic or intractable pain in which conventional therapeutic intervention and opiate therapy is contraindicated or ineffective.
Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds found in the Cannabis plant. The two primary cannabinoids contained in Cannabis are cannabidiol, or CBD, and ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Cannabinoids found in cannabis and ingested are called phytocannabinoids and scientists have discovered cannabinoids produced within the body called endocannabinoids. Several doctors found the first endocannabinoid called anandamide in 1992.
THC – The most well-known cannabinoid and the most psychoactive. THC has the ability to alter behavior, mood and time perception, and consciousness. It is responsible for the euphoric feeling some people consider as being “high”
THCV – Is a psychoactive cannabinoid that may help treat diabetes and is being investigated as an anti-obesity medicine
CBD – Studies have shown this non-psychoactive cannabinoid to have anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-nausea, blood pressure lowering, pain reduction properties, among other potential benefits
CBN – Somewhat psychoactive cannabinoid (~10% activity of THC). CBN occurs when THC is exposed to light and/or heat. It is known to cause drowsiness and reduce spasms
CBG – Is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may have the ability to counteract and prevent tumor formation
CBC – A cannabinoid that has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and potential promising antibiotic properties
Sativa – originates from tropical/equatorial regions where the warm climate where the plant grows tall, reaching toward the sun
Sativa Effects – uplifting and energetic, cerebral high, vibrant flavors, appetite modifier, enhance creativity, relive stress, day-time use
Hybrid – genetic combinations of Sativa and Indica strains with varying percentages of each with a blend of Sativa and Indica effects. Most strains available today are hybrids due to decades of cross-breeding to create strains with more desirable effects, appealing terpene profiles, and disease and pest resistance
Indica – originates from mountainous and higher elevation regions where the plant evolved to be shorter and thick to protect itself from harsh elements and wide temperature variation
Indica Effects – calming, body high, sedative, earth flavors, anxiety reduction, causes drowsiness, relieves pain, night-time use
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In states with medical cannabis laws, opioid overdoses drop by an average of 35%. This effect is larger in states that have had medical marijuana for longer periods. See article here.
For additional information on cannabis and opioids please refer to this PDF prepared by Adrianne Wilson-Poe, PHD and distributed by Congressman Earl Blumenauer on October 11, 2017.